Chalkbrood Disease - Apis Mellifera Beekeeping Course

Apis Mellifera
Beekeeping Course
by Amazing Bees
Apis Mellifera
Beekeeping Course
by Amazing Bees
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Chalkbrood Disease

Session 4
Beehive Inspection

Chalkbrood Disease – a bee brood disease caused by a fungus

Chalkbrood is a fairly common disease of honeybee brood caused by a fungus Ascosphaera Apis and it affects both sealed and unsealed brood.

The fungus grows through the bodies of infected larvae, sending fine vegetative thread-like growths into the larval body tissues, eventually overcoming and killing the larvae after its cell has been sealed.

Chalkbrood is generally present in the majority of honeybee colonies at one time or another. The spores can be present in a hive and have no apparent effect on it.

It is generally not considered a serious disease and the effects on colonies are only slight.

However, colonies that are already weakened by other circumstances may suffer to a greater extent, especially in early spring.

Chalkbrood Detection
Examination of brood frames and floor debris is required especially in spring. Bees should be gently shaken from the frames to allow full inspection, abnormalities are then easily spotted. Chalkbrood 'mummies' are easily seen and may even fall out of the cells during examination.

Chalkbrood Mummies
Chalkbrood mummies at hive entrance
Chalkbrood Mummies2
Chalkbrood mummies in comb cells
Chalkbrood Mummies3
Chalkbrood mummies close up photo

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